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The Internet

Texts/pictures/websites etc. on the internet are protected by copyright law. This means that as a rule, consent should be obtained from the originator of the website before you are allowed to use it.

VIA has made a number of agreements to ensure that you as a student or lecturer can use a part of the materials without collecting consent from the originator.

Below you can read about the parts of the agreement where you do not need consent from the originator.

Digital materials
Digital materials such as external websites are perceived as works similar to other types of works.

You are not allowed to make copies of websites without the permission of the originator. If you are in doubt, contact the originator of the website and ask for permission.

Screen dumps from other sites
It is allowed to take prints of websites according to the VIA agreement with Copydan Tekst & Node.

Links and deep links
As a rule, there is no problem in linking to the ”frontpage” or another website e.g. https://www.bibliotekerne.via.dk/. If you refer in this way (reference linking) you can write to the receiver of your text where specific information on this other website can be found. This is in accordance with the law.

If you link to a subpage e.g. https://www.bibliotekerne.via.dk/da/page/nettet, it is called deep linking. The European Court of Justice ruled in 2014 the three conditions for legal deep linking:

1)      The material must på uploaded legally to the internet. This means that you can be held liable if you e.g. link to a video on Youtube which has been uploaded without the permission of the originator.

2)      You must not avoid any payment walls for licensed materials through your link. VIA has made a license agreement with Infomedia which enables students and lecturers to read articles from their website at institution computers or by using a username and a password. If you copy the link to an article and send it to a third person, this person should state username and password to read the article. This is legal. But you cannot e.g. provide the link with a mechanism which ensures that the receiver does not need to write his username and password, thus avoiding the log-in function. In this way Infomedia does not have the possibility to demand payment.

3)      Linking must not be systematic and must not be exploited commercially.

Creative Commons
As described previously, the person uploading material to the internet most often has the copyright. Some originators upload materials using a Creative Commons license. In this way they renunciate their right to be protected by certain conditions under which their materials can be used without asking their permission.

All who have produced a work which can be protected by copyright can use the Creative Commons lincense. The purpose of publishing a work using this license is to make sure the work will be used by others. There are six options if you choose to publish your work using a Creative Commons lincense.

You have to decide on the following:

  • Should you be credited as the originator when the work is used?
  • Is commercial use of the work allowed?
  • Is it allowed to adapt the work?
  • Can the work only be shared on the same Creative Commons license conditions? Can it be shared on other terms?

You can read more about Creative Commons license at Creative Commons

Good sources for searching for creative work with Creative Commons license are Google and Flickr.

Open Access
Open Access is used about digitalised text or other material published online free of charge and with unrestricted access. The consent of the originator (e.g. the author) is needed if a text is to be published as Open Access.

In research they work with Open Access based on two models: Own repertoire (online archive) and publishing archives with open access for readers.

Texts collected by Open Access can be used i e-learning without applying for permission.

VIA is currently working on a Open Access policy.